How can I argue the importance of a Research Problem (PI)? In general, the importance of a PI is determined by the impact it has on health care. You must do it in the most objective way possible, based on documents that will be part of the bibliography. Some types of documents that may be of interest:

  • Epidemiological or statistical reports (particularly the reports of health institutions or the hospital itself).
  • Reports made by scientific societies (consult their web pages).
  • Health plans of the health authorities, both at the national and regional level (review institutional platforms, as there are numerous reports on health problems that they consider to be priorities).

How do I know that the Project is relevant? It is determined based on its adaptation to the priorities of the organization and the potential impact it has on both the citizen and the professionals. The project is expected to improve some health outcomes or quality of life in defined population groups, which, due to susceptibility or frequency of the problem, are especially vulnerable to it. It also provides alternatives to problems in the organization and the provision of health services, with an innovative and evaluable perspective in terms of cost-effectiveness. And also that it has a positive influence on the models of professional practice.

What databases can I use to perform the bibliographic search? Search specialized databases in the field of health. If you search in CUIDEN and in CINHAL, you will access 80% of the knowledge available in Nursing. In PUBMED, IBECS and in MEDES you can find works from other disciplines besides Nursing. In COCHRANE you can find systematic reviews (a good luck if you find one that is very related to your topic). Through DOAJ, SCIELO, CANTARIDA, DIALNET and GOOGLE SCHOLAR you can find the full text of the articles. More information SEE

Use selection criteria to limit searches, such as: subject area, type of study, type of documents (original articles, clinical cases, reviews, monographs, etc.), time limitation (scientific knowledge is considered to tend to renew for periods of 7 years, keep it in mind), language, etc.

What does CRITICAL ANALYSIS mean? It means that what you are going to obtain from the documents that you select will be presented, because of the interest you have to better understand the topic you are going to discuss. Therefore you should only review those data that serve to enrich your work, but not the rest.

How do I know which are the best documents? Learn to distinguish the main authors of other occasional authors. Locate the expert authors looking at the most cited among the bibliography that you locate. Often the best articles are published in the journals with the greatest impact, see the list of most cited journals in the JCR-SCI, SCOPUS or CUIDEN CITACION catalogs (https://ndr2014.org).

What if I do not find enough articles about what I’m looking for? One of two, or the search you have done is defective (most likely), in which case you have to continue trying with new strategies, or there is a knowledge gap on the subject. If so, describe it when you describe the background.

But do not settle, there may not be much about the specific problem that you will study, but there will be about the general theme in which it is located.

How can I identify the theoretical framework? What you are going to do with the theoretical framework is to clarify the theoretical perspective of the parties when raising your work. The ideal is to do it in two parts:

a) Anticipate the result you hope to achieve. What is your conviction? Do it by establishing a theoretical relationship between a cause and an effect, for example:

This work is based on the conviction that the limited recognition of family care is socially determined by the moral obligation of women as caregivers.

b) Complete the theoretical perspective with the support of higher-level theories that expand the understanding of the phenomenon of study (nursery theories, socio-cultural theories, etc. In the previous case, gender theories would be a good option).

What style should I use in the drafting of the IP? Use the 3C strategy: clarity, conciseness and correction.

  • Clarity means that the reading of the text will be pleasant, avoiding unnecessary technicalities. Fleeing the farfetched language (it is about impressing with content, not with verbiage).
  • Concision responds to the saying “good if brief, twice good”. Limit yourself to the ideas that are strictly necessary, avoiding overwhelming the reader with additional content that only contribute to sow confusion.
  • Correction means that what is written should follow what is expected in a well-constructed text from the syntactic and orthographic point of view. Everything you present during the tutorial period is of a provisional nature, but try to do it right from the beginning and you will gain time (for example, if you write down the bibliography properly from the beginning, you will avoid mistakes). Always write neatly, avoid typographical errors and spelling mistakes accompany you throughout the process or you will get used to them.
  • How do I avoid typos in the text? Errata have a vital effect on TFGs, so we are going to make an effort to combat them with energy:
  • If you miss an errata, you will probably find it in the final version of the document. Therefore you have to get used to writing correctly composed texts from the start.
  • Neatness refers to the composition of the text, which must be free of typographical and typographical errors.
  • Automatic scripts and epigraphs are often a source of mismatches in the text, so it is advisable to rationalize their use. We recommend that you learn to do them manually. Never lose control of the text.
  • Expecial emphasis on bibliographic notation, learn soon to reference the bibliography properly, it is a major source of errors. Bibliographic managers can help, but also contribute to hinder learning.
  • Before sending the text, even if it is only preliminary, you should review it in a thorough manner. It is not enough to trust the automatic corrector of the text, you have to review it again and again until everything is OK.

Can I work with texts from other authors without incurring problems of plagiarism or piracy? Yes, but keep in mind a sacred rule: never use the COPIO-PEGO system or in the end you will not know what is yours and what is not. The right thing to do: read several times until you become familiar with the text you have selected, write down in a separate file the main ideas with your own words and identify the bibliographic reference of where you have taken them.

If you decide to enter the literal text of someone, try to indicate it in quotes, always identifying the author. You should not include literal paragraphs greater than ten lines, to avoid conflicts over copyright.

Yardley Finley / June 1, 2019 / Research

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